National Preventive Mechanism
People in detention are particularly vulnerable, so the international human rights framework requires States to set up national level bodies that can support efforts to prevent their ill treatment. The Commission is one of 20 members of the United Kingdom’s National Preventive Mechanism (NPM) which was established in March 2009 as part of the UK’s commitment under the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT).
The NPM’s role is to:
- regularly examine the treatment of persons deprived of their liberty in all places of detention under the UK’s jurisdiction and control;
- make recommendations to relevant authorities with the aim of improving the treatment and conditions of persons deprived of their liberty;
- submit proposals and observations on existing or draft legislation
The UK NPM receives technical assistance from the UN Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (SPT) and the UK government must account for the NPM’s ability to perform its functions to the SPT and other United Nations bodies.
Read the NPM's Annual Report for 2015-16.
The Commission has been working with Her Majesty’s Inspector for Prisons in Scotland (HMIPS) to support a human rights based approach to the inspection of prisons. We provide advice in relation to the inspection standards and have been assisting HMIPS to undertake inspections to ensure that the human rights of prisoners are being respected.
The Commission has been involved in the inspection of seven of Scotland’s 15 prisons: